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Indigenous, Desert Appropriate and Recommended Plant Lists


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Indigenous List | Desert Appropriate List | Recommended List 

Indigenous Plant List

Printable list (pdf/41kb/4pp)

This list was compiled by the City of Scottsdale to be used in conjunction with the Environmentally Sensitive Lands Ordinance (ESLO) regulations in the Zoning Ordinance. These plants may be used for revegetation in Natural Area Open Space (NAOS) areas and in right-of-way as well, as any landscape areas.

The location and height of plants that are not on this list are regulated by ESLO (Section 6.1070.G.1.i in the Zoning Ordinance). The plants on this list are indigenous to Scottsdale but may not be appropriate for all locations. Plants listed below are generally found within the following elevation ranges: 1,500 - 2,500 feet are designated by an equal sign (=); 2,500 - 3,000 feet designated by a percent sign (%) and 3,000 plus feet designated by a number sign (#). The choice of plants for a specific site should be based upon whether the plants occur naturally within the area where the property is located.

The Zoning Administrator in the Planning, Neighborhood and Transportation Division may add plants to this list based upon recommendations from city staff. Private consultants may suggest to staff that plants be added or deleted from the list.
Plants that are protected by the Native Plant Ordinance , Chapter 46 of the City Code and Section 6.1070 of the Zoning Ordinance, are designated with an asterisk ( * ).

Plants designated with a plus ( + ) are restricted according to Water Resources Ordinance No. 3161 and must receive prior approval from the Arizona Department of Water Resources and the City of Scottsdale Water Resources Department before
they may be lawfully planted. The indigenous plants on this list are also, in general, low water users according to the Arizona Department of Water Resources.

Please check with staff as to where a variety of a specific plant species may be indigenous. (updated 11-2-2009)

 TREES

*Acacia constricta
*Acacia greggii
*Berberis haematocarpa
Berberis harrisoniana
*Canotia holacantha
*Celtis pallida
+Celtis reticulata
*Cercidium (Parkinsonia) floridum *Cercidium (Parkinsonia)
 microphyllum
* Chilopsis linearis
* Juniperus monosperma
* Olneya tesota
+ * Populus fremontii
* Prosopis velutina
* Quercus turbinella
+Rhus ovata
Vauquelinea californica

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White Thorn Acacia
Cat Claw Acacia
Red Barberry
Harrison Barberry
Crucifixion Thorn
Desert Hackberry
Net-Leaf Hackberry
Blue Palo Verde
Foothill Palo Verde

Desert Willow
One-Seeded Juniper
Ironwood
Cottonwood
Arizona Mesquite
Scrub Oak
Sugar Sumac
Arizona Rosewood

            SUCCULENTS / CACTI

Agave deserti
Agave murpheyi
Agave palmeri
*Carnegiea gigantea
Dasylirion wheeleri
Echinocereus engelmannii cactus
*Ferocactus cylindraceus Barrel
*Ferocactus wislizenii Barrel
*Fouquieria splendens 
Mammillaria microcarpa Cactus 
Opuntia engelmannii
Opuntia fulgida
Opuntia leptocaulis
Opuntia phaeacantha
Opuntia versicolor
Peniocereus greggii 
Yucca baccata

*Yucca elata

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Desert Agave
Murphey's Agave
Palmer's Agave
Saguaro
Desert Spoon
Hedgehog Cactus
Compass Barrel
Fishhook Barrel
Ocotillo
Fishhook Cactus 
Engelmann’s Prickly-Pear
Chainfruit Cholla
Desert Christmas Cholla
Sprawling Prickly-Pear
Staghorn Cholla
Desert Night-Blooming Cereus
Banana Yucca
Soaptree Yucca

SHRUBS / BUSHES

+Ambrosia ambrosioides
Ambrosia deltoidea
Ambrosia dumosa
Anisacanthus therberi
Atriplex canescens
Atriplex lentiformis
Atriplex polycarpa
Calliandra eriophylla
Cassia (Senna) covesii
Cercis occidentalis
Cercocarpus betuloides
Chrysothamnus nauseosus
Datura wrightii
Dodonaea viscosa
Encelia farinosa
Encelia frutescens
Ephedra aspera
Ericameria laricifolia
Eriogonum fasciculatum
Gutierrezia sarothrae
Hyptis emoryi
Justicia californica
Koeberlinia spinosa
Larrea tridentata (divaricata)
Lotus rigidus
Lycium andersonii
Lycium fremontii
+Pluchea sericea
Simmondsia chinesis 
Trixis californica
Vigueria deltoidea
Zizyphus obtusifolia

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Giant Bursage or Canyon Ragweed
Triangle-Leaf Bursage or Bursage
White Bursage
Desert Honeysuckle
Fourwing Saltbush
Quailbrush
Desert Saltbush
Fairy Duster
Desert Senna
Western Redbud
Brich-Leaf Mountain Mahogany
Rabbitbrush
Sacred Datura
Hopbush
Brittlebush
Green Brittlebush
Mormon Tea
Turpentine Bush
Flat-Top Buckwheat
Snakeweed
Desert Lavender
Chuparosa
Crucifixion Thorn
Creosote Bush
Deer Vetch
Desert Wolfberry
Fremont Wolfberry
Arrow Weed
Jojoba
Trixis
Goldeneye
Graythorn

ANNUALS / PERENNIALS / VINES

Abronia villosa
Amsinckia intermedia
Baileya multiradiata
Cucurbita digitata
Dichelostemma pulchellum
Dyssodia pentachaeta
Eriophyllum lanosum
Eschscholzia mexicana
Gaillardia aristata
Gilia latifolia
Janusia gracilis
Lasthenia chrysostoma
Lesquerella gordonii
Lupinus sparsiflorus
Machaeranthera asteroides
Melampodium leucanthum
Orthocarpus purpurascens
Penstemon parryi
Penstemon pseudospectabilis
Phacelia campanularia
Phacelia crenulata
Plantago purshii
Platystemon californicus
Proboscidea parviflora
Psilostrophe cooperi
Rafinesquia neomexicana
Salvia columbariae
Senecio salignus
Sphaeralcea ambigua
Stephanomeria pauciflora



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Sand Verbena
Fiddleneck
Desert Marigold
Coyote Gourd
Desert Hyacinth
Dogweed/Golden Dyssodia
Woolly Daisy
Mexican Gold Poppy
Gaillardia
Starflower
Slender Janusia Vine
Goldfields
Bladderpod Mustard
Desert Lupine
Tansyaster
Blackfoot Daisy
Owl’s Clover
Parry’s Penstemon
Desert Penstemon
Desert Bluebell
Scorpionweed
Indian Wheat
Creamcups
Devil’s Claw
Paper Flower
Desert Chicory
Desert Chia
Willow Groundsel
Desert Globemallow
Desert Straw

GRASSES

Aristida purpurea
Bouteloua aristidoides
Bouteloua curtipendula
Erioneuron pulchellum
Hilaria belangeri

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Purple Threeawn
Needle Grama
Sideoats Grama
Fluffgrass
Curly Mesquite

 

Desert Appropriate Plant List

Printable list (pdf/19kb/3pp)


These plants can be used in landscaped areas that are not enclosed, but are separated from Natural Area Open Space (NAOS) by low walls, paved walkways, headers, or similar physical barriers. If landscaped areas are not physically separated from Natural Area Open Space (NAOS) areas, the plants that may be used shall come from the Indigenous Plant List above. Plants on this list may be used in areas that are enclosed by a three (3) foot high, or greater, opaque wall. (updated 11-02-09)

TREES

Acacia berlandieri
Acacia cochliacantha
Acacia crassifolia
Acacia farnesiana
Acacia pennatula
Acacia rigidula
Acacia schaffneri
Ceiba aesculifolia
Cercidium (Parkinsonia) sonorae
Condalia globosa
Jatropha cinerea
Lysiloma watsonii divaricatum

  

Guajillo
Boat-spine Acacia
Butterfly Acacia
Sweet Acacia
Feather Acacia
Chaparro Prieta
Twisted Acacia
Silk Cotton Tree
Sonoran Palo Verde
Globosa Blue Wood
Leafy Limberbush
Rincon Feathertree

SUCCULENTS / CACTI

Agave colorata
Agave geminiflora
Agave lechugilla
Agave lophantha
Agave ocahui
Agave parryi huachucensis
Agave parryi truncate
Agave victoriae-reginae
Chrysactina Mexicana
Dasylirion acrotriche
Dasylirion longissima
Dasylirion texanum
Echinocactus grusonii
Eurphorbia antisyphilitica
Hesperaloe nocturna
Nolina bigelovii
Nolina lingifolia
Nolina matapensis
Nolina microcarpa
Opuntia basilaris
Opuntia violaceae
Stenocereus thurberi
Yucca schidigera
Yucca schottii
Yucca vallida
Yucca whipplei

 

Mescal Ceniza
Twin-Flowered Agave
Lechugilla
Holly Agave
Ocahui Agave
Huachuca Agave
Gentry's Agave
Queen Victoria Agave
Domianita Daisy
Green Desert Spoon
Toothless Sotol
Texas Sotol
Golden Barrel Cactus
Candelia
Night-Blooming Hesperaloe
Bigelow Nolina
Mexican Grass Tree
Tree Bear Grass
Bear Grass
Beavertail Cactus
Purple PRicky Pear
Organ Pipe Cactus
Mohave Yucca
Mountain Yucca
Tree Yucca
Our Lord's Candle

SHRUBS / BUSHES

Acacia angustissima
Acacia cultiformis
Aloysia lycioides
Aloysia wrightii
Anisacanthus andersonii
Anisacanthus puperulus
Anisacanthus quadrifidus wrightii
Asclepias linaria
Asclepias subulata
Berberis haematocarpa
Brongniartia alamonsana
Buddleia marrubifolia
Busera fagaroides
Busera hindsiana
Caesalpinia pulmia
Calliandria califonica
Calliandria peninsularis
Condalia correllii
Cordia parvifolia
Cordia sonorae
Dalea bicolor argyrea
Dalea pulchra
Dalea wislizenii
Erythrina flabelliformis
Eysenhardtia orthocarpa
Fallugia paradoxa
Forestiera acumianata parvifolia
Jatropha cardiophylla
Justicia candicans
Lycium brevipes
Maytenus phyllanthowes
Muhlenbergia dumosa
Muhlenbergia rigens
Rhus choriophylla
Rhus microphylla
Rhus trilobatta
Rhus virens
Ruellia californica
Ruellia peninsularis
Senna wislizenii
Solanum hindsianum
Sophora arizonica
Tecoma stans
Vallesia baileyana
Zauschneria californica

 

Fern Acacia
Knife Acacia
White Bush
Wright's Bee Bush
Magdelena Palm Canyon
Red Chihuhuan Honeysuckle
Flame anisacanthus
Pineleaf Milkweed
Desert Milkweed
Red Mahonia
Alamos Pea Tree
Woolly Butterfly Bush
White Bark Tree
Red Elephant Tree
Copper Caesalpinia
Baja Fairy Duster
La Paz Fairy Duster
Mexican Blue Wood
Little-Leaf Cordia
Sonoran Cordia
Silver Dalea
Bush Dalea
Wislizenii's Dalea
Arizona Coral Bean
Kidneywood
Apache Plume
Desert Olive
Limberbush
Red Honeysuckle
Mexican Wolfberry
Mangle Dulce
Bamboo Muhly
Deer Grass
Chihuahuan Leather-Leaf
Little-Leaf Desert Sumac
Squaw Bush
Huachuca Sumac
Sonoran Desert Ruellia
Baja Ruellia
Shrubby Senna
Blue Solamun Shrub
Arizona Mescal Bean
Narrow-Leaf Yellow Bells
Vallesia
Hummingbird Trumpet Bush

GROUND COVER

Ageratum corymbosum
Dalea greggii
Pelisiphonia brachysiphon
Stachys coccinea
Tagetes palmeri
Zinnia acerosa

 

Desert Ageratum
Trailing Indigo Bush
Rock Trumpet
Texas Betony
Mt. Lemmon Marigold
Desert Zinnia

 

Recommended Plants for Enclosed Areas

Printable List (pdf/15kb/4pp)

These plants may be used in areas enclosed by a three foot or higher opaque fence, such as back yards, and court yards. This plant list is not all inclusive, other non-indigenous plants may be used, but if a plant has the potential to reach a mature height greater than twenty (20) feet it is not allowed. (updated 11-02-09)


TREES

Acacia aneura
Acacia caven
Acacia coulteri
Acacia eburnean
Acacia peuce
Acacia saligna
Acacia tortillis
Acacia willardina
Bauhiniia lunarioides
Callistemon rigidus 
Cercidium (Parkinsonia) Praecox
Cordia boisseri
Diospyres texana
Ethretia anacua
Eucalyptus torquata
Goeffroea decorticans
Malpighia isoloba
Parkinsonia (Cercidium) hybrids

Piscidia mollis
Pittosporum phillyraeoides
Sophora sedundiflora

Mulga
Espin-Caven
Courlter's Acacia
Arabian Acacia
Waddywood
Weeping Acacia
Umbrella Thorn
Palo Blanco
Chihuahuan OrchidTree
Stiff Bottlebrush
Palo Brea
Texas Olive
Texas Persimmon
Sandpaper Tree
Coral Gum
Chilean Palo Verde
Sonora Manihot
Desert Museum, Sonoran Emerald and AZT
Gray Sonora Pea Tree
Willow Pittosporum
Tezas Mountain Laurel

SUCCELENTS/CACTI/FOCAL PLANTS

Agave Americana
Agave bracteosa
Agave salmiana
Agave vilmoriniana
Agave weberii
Aloe dawaei
Aloe feros
Aloe saponaria
Aloe striata
Aloe vera
Brahia armata
Butia capitata
Creus peruvianus
Hechtia texana
Hesperaloe funifera
Hesperaloe parviflora
Opuntia acicularis
Opuntia ficus-indica
Opuntia microdasys
Pachycereus marginatus
Pachypodium lamerei
Pedilanthus macrocarpus
Puya chilensis
Yucca carmerosa
Yucca faxoniana
Yucca glauca
Yucca rigida
Yucca rostrata
Yucca torreyi

Century Plant
Squid Agave
Pulque Agave
Octopus Agave
Weber's Agave
Dawe's Aloe
Cape Aloe
African Aloe
Coral Aloe
Aloe Vera
Mexican Blue Palm
Pindo Palm
Peruvian Apple Cactus
False Agave
Giant Hesperaloe
Red Yucca
Bristly Prickly Pear
Indian Fig Cactus
Bunny Ears
Mexican Fence Cactus
Madagascar Palm
Candelilla
Chilean Bromeliad
Giant Dagger Tree
Faxon Yucca
Narrow-Leaf Yucca
Blue Yucca
Chihuahuan Tree Yucca
Torrey Yucca

Shrubs/bushes/vines

Acacia craspedocarpa
Acacia karroo
Acacia longifolia
Acacia notabilis
Antigonon leptopus
Atriplex nummularia
Bauhinia lunarioides
Bauhinia punctata
Caesalpinia gilliesii
Caesalpinia Mexicana
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Calotropis procera
Cercis canadensis mexicana
Convolvulus cnerorum
Cordia myxa
Euphorbia rigida
Feijoa sellowiana
Gossypium thurberi
Guaiacum angustifolium
Heteromesles arbutifolia
Lantana velutina
Leucophyllum canaduim
Leucophyllum frutescens
Leucophyllum laevigatum
Leucophyllum langmaniae
Leucophyllum prunosum
Leucophyllum zygophyllum
Lobelia laxiflora
Mimosa dysocarpa
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia
Perovskia atriplicifolia
Russelia equesetiformis
Russelia polyedra
Salvia greggii
Salvia leucantha
Senna aphylla
Senna corymbosa
Senna lindheimeriana
Senna pallida
Senna splendida
Tecoma alata
Tecoma garrocha
Tecomaria capensis

Waxleaf Acacia
Karroo Thorn
Sydney Golden Wattle
Notable Acacia
Coral Vine
Chamisa
Chihuahuan ORchid Shrub
Red Bauhinia
Yellow Bird-of-Paradise
Mexican Bird-of-Paradise
Red Bird-of-Paradise
Sodom Apple
Mexican Redbud
Bush Morning Glory
Assyrian Plum
South African Euphorbia
Pineapple Guava
Wild Cotton
Texas Guaiacum
Toyon
White lantana
Ceniza
Texas Ranger
Chihuahuan Rain Sage
Cinnamon Sage
Sierra Bouquet
Blue Rain Sage
Red Mexican Lobelia
Velvet-pod Mimosa
Osteomeles
Russian Sage
Coral Fountain
Wild Coral Fountain
 Red Chihuahuan Sage
Purple Mexican Bush SAge
Argentine Desert Senna
Flowery SEnna
Velvet-Leaf Senna
Two-Flowered Senna
Golden Wonder Senna
Orange Bells
Argentine Tecoma
Cape Honeysuckle

GROUNDCOVER

Acacia redolens
Astericus maritimus
Atriplex semibaccata
Baccharis pilularis
Bulbine frutescens
Dalea capitata
Enchylaena tomentosa
Muhlinbergia capillaries
Myoporum parviflorum
Oenothera berlandieri
Oenothera stubbei
Pentzia incana
Rosemarinum officinalis
Salvia chamaedryoides
Salvia clevelandia
Salvia dorrii
Salvia farinacea
Salvia microphylla
Satolina chamaecyperissus
Santolina virens
Tagetes lucida
Verbena peruviana
Verbena pulchella
Verbena rigida
Zinnia grandiflora

Prostrate Acacia
Mediterranean Beach Daisy
Australian Saltbush
Chaparral Broom
Bulbine
Golden Dalea
Ruby Sheep Bush
Pink Muhly
Trailing Myoporum
Mexican Primrose
Chihuahua Primrose
Karroo Bush
Rosemary
Blue Chihuahuan Sage
Cleveland Sage
Mohave Sage
Mealy Cup Sage
Red Bush Sage
Lavender Cotton
Green Santolina
Mexican Tarragon
Peruvian Verbena
Moss Verbena
Sandpaper Verbena
Rocky Mountain Zinnia