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Disability Laws, Standards, and Ordinances


Federal Laws 

  • The Americans with Disabilities Actof 1990, gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion. The ADA guarantees equal opportunity for disabled individuals in the following areas:
    • TITLE I (Employment) - Prohibits private and public employers from discriminating against individuals with disabilities.
    • TITLE II (State and Local Government Services) - Requires all programs and services provided be accessible to individuals with disabilities.
    • TITLE III (Public Accommodations and Commercial Facilities) - Requires buildings where the private sector conducts business to be accessible to individuals with disabilities.
    • TITLE IV (Telecommunications) - Creates statewide relay services and provides for the telecommunication needs of hearing and speech-impaired individuals.
    • TITLE V (Miscellaneous Provisions) - Deals with issues related to retaliation, technical assistance, alternative resolution dispute, etc. 

The Department of Justice operates a toll-free ADA Information Line and the ADA Web site to provide information and publications to the public about ADA - 800-514-0301 (voice), 800-514-0383 (TTY), www.ada.gov  

  • The Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) 1994links to external siteThe ADA establishes design requirements for the construction and alteration of facilities in the private and public sectors.  The Access Board develops the requirements as "guidelines" to serve as a basis for "standards" enforced by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Department of Transportation (DOT). 


  • New proposed ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines 2004 are available as guidance for best practices, but are have not been adopted by the DOJ and are therefore not enforceable.

For a full explanation of ADAAG go to the Access Board page ADA Accessibility Guidelines Homepage

  • The Fair Housing Act, as amended in 1988, prohibits housing discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, disability, familial status, and national origin. With regards to disability, the Fair Housing Act requires owners of housing facilities to make reasonable exceptions in their policies and operations to afford people with disabilities equal housing opportunities. The Fair Housing Act also requires landlords to allow tenants with disabilities to make reasonable access-related modifications to their private living space, as well as to common use spaces. The Act further requires that new multifamily housing with four or more units be designed and built to allow access for persons with disabilities.

Fair Housing FIRSToffers a very informative FAQ menu, as well as contact information for questions, and other useful links.

HUD Disability Rights & ResourcesThis page is designed to answer frequently asked questions on the housing rights of people with disabilities and the responsibilities of housing providers and building and design professionals under federal law.

The booklet with information on all of these laws can be found from the Department of Justice at A Guide to Disability Rights Laws 


Arizona Laws

Links to those Arizona Revised Statutes(ARS) pertaining to people with disabilities.
Courtesy of the Arizona Office for Americans with Disabilities.



Scottsdale Laws

Questions? Call the City of Scottsdale at 480-312-2500 or e-mail ADA@ScottsdaleAZ.gov.